As the discussants state, poverty and social instability are the primary causes of crime, including terrorism. Thus, when we have low-income countries' unemployment rates rise further, other social phenomena subsequently rise that have direct impacts on rich countries. Such phenomena include mass migration (both legal and illegal), crime (e.g., pirating, information technology hacking, robberies, burglaries), terrorism, etc.
In short, different levels and types of crime are symptoms of larger societal problems, namely huge economic disparities. We hear about this all the time in the criminology literature on local and national scales, but rarely is this basic theoretical stance applied globally despite the fact that it is widely accepted we live in an internationally inter-dependent economy.
Some other interesting points the discussants mention:
- Immediately following the economic crisis, the U.S. government saved the banks. Virtually nothing in comparison has been done to assist family and community concerns in the global south.
- Poorer countries will be further hurt by decreased remittences, export products going down in volume and price, and a decrease in investment capital.
- Investments should shift to building infrastructure in sustainable energy since the global south is being doubly hit by the economic crisis and climate change.
- Investments are also necessary in occupational training for the poor (i.e., capacity building).
- There needs to be a cultural shift away from over-consumption.